Uterus neck cancer — all modern women’s devastator — is a malignant tumor which according to the medical statistics occupies the 4th place among all oncological diseases (after gastric cancer, skin cancer and mammary glands cancer).
Most often the tumor affects the women who:
- early (before 16 years of age) started sexual life;
- have had early pregnancy and the first labor (before 16 years of age);
- lead chaotic sexual life;
- have made many abortions;
- suffer from inflammatory and venereal diseases;
- smoke a lot;
- for a long time have taken hormonal contraceptives;
- suffer from dysimmunity.
There is a direct connection between uterus neck cancer and such viral infections as genital herpes and human papilloma virus (HPV). HPV is found in 95 % of people sick with cancer. And inthose women who are infected with both viruses, the chance to catch uterus neck cancer increases by2-3 times in comparison with healthy women. Thus, uterus neck cancer tends to be sexually transmitted.
Diagnostics: examination of vagina, uterus neck - by means of gynecologic mirrors and colposcopy (examination made by means of a special optical device called colposcope) the doctor determines the condition of uterus neck and the presence of new formations on it. In the course of examination biopsy can be made — taking of tissue pieces for subsequent histological examination. If the gynecologist’s suspicion proves to be true, the patient needs to be consulted by the oncologist. To reveal uterus neck cancer at early stages there is a special test-cytological examination of a swab taken from the uterus neck surface. It is recommended for every woman after 40 years of age to regular lymake it (at least once every 2 years). In certain cases the doctor can prescribe ultrasound examination. By means of KT-scanning and magnetic and resonant tomography of the abdominal cavity and pelvic organs it is possible to determine the size and localization of cancer, and to establish whether the local lymph nodes are affected.
Treatment of uterus neck cancer is combined and it includes operation, chemotherapy and beam therapy. In the course of the surgical operation the tumor can be removed together with a part of uterus neck, uterus neck, and sometimes with the whole uterus. Quite often the operation is supplementedwith the removal of lymph nodes of small pelvis (if cancer cells have managed to sprout there). The question about the ovary removal is solved, as a rule, individually (at the early stage of cancer inthe case of young women it is possible to save the ovary).
After the operation in case of need beam therapy is prescribed to patients. The success of uterus neck cancer treatment depends on the patient’s age, correctness of therapy selection, and, most importantly, on the disease diagnostics at an early stage. When uterus neck cancer is revealed at an early stage, the forecast is quite favorable and it is possible to cure the disease by means of surgical methods solely.